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Liver Cirrhosis Diet Sheet – Salt Restriction

General Guidelines: Patients with liver cirrhosis need to follow a diet that supports liver health and helps manage the condition. Reducing salt intake is important to prevent fluid retention and minimize the risk of complications. Here’s a guide to help you make healthier food choices:
Foods to Include: – Fresh fruits and vegetables (aim for a variety of colors)
– Lean protein sources: skinless poultry, fish, eggs, tofu
– Whole grains: brown rice, whole wheat pasta, quinoa, oats
– Healthy fats: olive oil, avocado, nuts, seeds
– Dairy or dairy alternatives: low-fat yogurt, unsweetened almond milk
– Legumes: beans, lentils, chickpeas
– Herbs and spices for flavoring (instead of salt)
– Plenty of water and herbal teas (avoid caffeinated beverages)
Foods to Limit or Avoid: – Processed and packaged foods (canned soups, snacks, frozen meals)
– Processed meats (bacon, sausages, deli meats)
– High-sodium condiments (soy sauce, ketchup, pickles)
– Salted snacks (chips, pretzels) – Restaurant/fast-food meals (often high in salt)
– High-sodium cheeses
– Canned vegetables with added salt
Sample Meal Plan:
  • Breakfast: – Oatmeal topped with fresh berries and a sprinkle of chopped nuts – Herbal tea or water
  • Lunch: – Grilled chicken salad with mixed greens, cherry tomatoes, cucumber, and a drizzle of olive oil and lemon juice – Whole grain roll – Fresh fruit salad
  • Snack: – Carrot and celery sticks with hummus
  • Dinner: – Baked fish with a side of quinoa and steamed broccoli – Mixed fruit for dessert
  • Snack: – Handful of unsalted almonds

Remember, it’s important to tailor the diet to each individual’s needs and preferences. If there are specific medical recommendations or concerns, consult with a healthcare professional or dietitian for personalized guidance. Additionally, closely monitoring sodium intake on food labels and avoiding high-sodium foods is key to successfully managing salt restriction in liver cirrhosis patients.
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